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Customizing Your WordPress Website: A Guide for Beginners

As the online world expands, website functionality is becoming increasingly important. 

According to recent research, 42% of website visitors will leave a website due to poor functionality or design. 

If you already have a website or looking forward to creating one, you need to know how to customize it.

This guide provides a step-by-step overview of how to customize your WordPress website and make it function seamlessly for your visitors.

Resource: Step-by-Step Guide to Creating a Website with WordPress

Benefits of customizing your website 

At the end of the day, you want users to have a better experience whole on your website.

Customization can actually provide various benefits that enhance the overall user experience. 

A customized website provides a unique and personalized feel, which helps to create brand identity and recognition. 

This makes it easy for customers to identify and connect with your business or brand. 

Customization also allows you to incorporate unique features such as social media integration, video backgrounds, and interactive graphics that can make your website stand out from competitors.

Another benefit of customizing your website is improved functionality. 

You can tailor the appearance and layout of your site based on customer behavior data, making it more intuitive for users to navigate through pages and find what they are looking for quickly. 

Furthermore, customized websites are optimized for search engines as they allow you to prioritize keywords in page titles, meta descriptions, content headers among others to improve SEO ranking.

Not to mention, WordPress is used by millions of users already. 

There’s a higher chance other websites are using your chosen theme. 

By customizing your website, you can make sure it looks and functions uniquely, setting it apart from other sites.

What you will need to customize

I know you must be excited to get the job done finally.

But it is essential to clearly understand what you will need before diving in. 

First, you will need to have a clear idea of the purpose and goals of your website. 

This will help guide your design choices and ensure the customization aligns with your brand identity. 

Next, you will need to choose a theme that suits your needs or create a custom one from scratch.

In addition to choosing the right theme, you will also need to consider how you want to structure your website’s pages and menus. 

This includes deciding on which pages are essential for visitors to see first and where they should be placed on the site map. 

You should also consider whether or not additional plugins are necessary for certain features such as contact forms or social media integration.

Finally, test all customizations thoroughly before launching your website publicly. 

This includes checking for any broken links, ensuring that images load correctly, and testing different devices and browsers for compatibility issues. 

By carefully thinking through these steps, you can create a customized WordPress website that meets all your business needs while providing an engaging experience for visitors. 

That said, let’s go through some of the components you can customize for a better user experience on your WordPress blog.

Related: 7 Common Mistakes People Make When Starting A WordPress Blog


What is navigation on WordPress?

Navigation refers to the menu or navigation bar that appears on your website. 

It is a crucial tool for guiding visitors to different pages and sections of your site. 

Navigation menus are usually located at the top of the page, although they can also be placed in other areas, such as the sidebar or footer.

WordPress offers a user-friendly interface allowing you to easily create custom navigation menus. 

You can add links to pages, categories, posts, and external URLs. 

Additionally, you can organize these links into dropdown submenus to make it easier for users to navigate through your site.

But before you can do anything with it, create the navigation first.

To create a new navigation menu in WordPress, go to Appearance > Menus from your dashboard. 

From there, you can select which items you want to add and arrange them in order of appearance on your site. 

Once you’ve created your menu, don’t forget to save changes and assign them to a primary location within your theme settings.

a. How to customize menus

Customizing menus in WordPress is an essential part of building a functional and user-friendly website. 

To customize your menus, navigate to the “Appearance” tab on your WordPress dashboard and select “Menus.” 

Here, you can create new menus or edit existing ones by dragging and dropping menu items from the left-hand side to the right-hand side. 

You can also add custom links, pages, posts or categories as menu items.

Once you have added all the relevant menu items, you can then reorder them by dragging and dropping them into their desired locations.

You can also nest sub-menus under parent menu items for better organization. 

After arranging your menu order, remember to save changes before exiting.

Here’s the thing:

Make sure your blog visitors can access all the critical areas of your website with just a few clicks of buttons on your dashboard, without having to dig deep into it. 

b. How to add pages

Yes, pages can be part of your navigation.

But you need these pages first.

Adding pages to your WordPress website is a simple process that can be done in just a few clicks. 

Simply go to the Pages section in the WordPress dashboard and click on ‘Add New’. 

From there, you’ll be able to give your new page a title and start adding content using the visual editor.

One important thing to keep in mind when adding pages is how they will be organized within your website’s navigation. 

You can create custom menus and arrange your pages into parent-child relationships to ensure that visitors can easily navigate through your site.

Another helpful feature when adding pages is the ability to use templates or page builders. 

Templates provide pre-designed layouts for specific types of pages (like an about page or contact page), while page builders allow you to create custom layouts by dragging and dropping different elements onto the page. 

By utilizing these tools, you can save time and ensure that each of your website’s pages has a cohesive look and feel. 

c. How to customize the homepage

One of the most important aspects of your WordPress website is the homepage. 

This is the first page visitors will see when they visit your site, so it must be eye-catching and easy to navigate. 

The good news is that customizing your homepage on WordPress is relatively easy, even for beginners.

The first step in customizing your homepage is selecting a theme. 

Your theme determines your website’s overall layout and looks, including the homepage. 

Once you have selected a theme, you can start customizing specific elements of your homepage, such as adding or removing widgets and rearranging sections.

Another way to customize your homepage on WordPress is by creating a static page. 

By default, WordPress displays your most recent blog posts on the homepage but if you want to create a more traditional website with separate pages for different types of content like an about us section or services offered section then creating a static page will be helpful. 

You can also add images and videos to make it more visually appealing and engaging for visitors. 


Having an aesthetically pleasing website is essential for creating a positive user experience. 

According to a study conducted by Adobe, 59% of people prefer browsing beautiful and well-designed sites to basic ones. 

Appearance plays a crucial role in attracting and retaining visitors to your website.

One way to enhance the appearance of your WordPress website is by using high-quality images and graphics.

Make sure the images are relevant, visually appealing, and optimized for web use. Additionally, choose a font that complements your brand’s tone and style.

Color schemes also play an essential role in web design. 

Using colors that align with your brand’s identity can make your site more recognizable while creating consistency throughout all pages on the site. 

However, it’s important not to overdo it with too many colors as this can overwhelm users’ senses. 

Keep things simple yet elegant – less is always more regarding web design aesthetics! 

a. How to customize the theme

All of the above mentioned options come down to tweaking something on your current theme.

When it comes to customizing a WordPress theme, there are several options that you can explore. 

For starters, you can change the color scheme of your website to match your brand or personal preferences. 

You can also modify the typography by selecting different fonts that complement your content and make it more readable (more on this in a minute).

Another popular customization option is adding widgets and plugins to enhance the functionality of your website. 

Widgets allow you to display specific information on certain pages or areas of your site, such as social media links, recent posts, or a search bar. 

Beyond these basic customizations, you can also delve into more advanced techniques such as editing code snippets or using child themes. 

These methods require some technical knowledge but offer greater flexibility in terms of design and functionality.

WordPress provides ample opportunities for users to customize their website themes according to their specific needs and preferences. 

Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced developer, there’s always room for creativity when it comes to designing a unique online presence for your brand or business.

Resource: How To Choose The Right Theme For Your WordPress Website

 b. How to add custom fonts

Users hate weird unreadable texts.

Lucky for you, there’s a simple solution to this; changing fonts!

One of the simplest ways to add custom fonts to your WordPress website is by using a plugin. 

There are several font plugins available for free on the WordPress repository, such as Google Fonts Typography and Easy Google Fonts

Once you have installed and activated the plugin of your choice, navigate to Appearance > Customize > Typography, and select the font options you want to customize.

Another way to add custom fonts is by using CSS code. 

First, download the font files that you want to use and upload them to your website’s server or third-party hosting service. 

Then, open your theme’s style.css file and add @font-face rules for each font file (e.g., .woff2, .ttf). 

Finally, apply the new fonts in your CSS stylesheets by calling their respective names.

It’s worth noting that adding too many custom fonts can slow down your website’s load time. 

So be mindful when choosing which ones to use and how many you need in total. 

Either way, custom fonts is an excellent way to enhance your site’s design aesthetics without sacrificing usability or accessibility for users.

c. How to add background colors

Another way to customize your WordPress theme is by changing the background color.

Adding background colors to your WordPress website can help you enhance the visual appeal of your content and create a more engaging user experience. 

To do this, go to the Appearance menu and click on Customize. 

From there, select the Colors option and choose Background.

You can then choose from a range of color options or input your own custom color code. 

You can also adjust the transparency level by sliding the Opacity bar. 

Keep in mind that choosing a high-contrast color scheme can make it easier for users with visual impairments to navigate your website.

Unfortunately, not all themes actually allow this.

If that’s the case, another way to incorporate background colors is through CSS coding. 

This allows for more advanced customization options such as adding gradients or patterns. 

To do this, you will need to access your theme’s style sheet editor and add the necessary CSS code for your desired background effect. 

With some experimentation and trial and error, you can create a unique look that sets your website apart from others in your industry. 


As mentioned earlier, plugins plays a pivotal role in customizing your WordPress website.

But before we go deeper, what are plugins? 

Plugins are add-ons that can be installed on your WordPress website to enhance its functionality. 

These small software programs can help you customize your website without having to code everything from scratch. 

They are designed to save you time and effort, which means you can concentrate on creating great content.

Thousands of plugins are available in the WordPress plugin repository, and they cover a wide range of functions. 

For example, there are plugins for SEO, security, social media integration, image optimization, e-commerce transactions, and more.

Some come with a free version offering basic features while others require payment for access to advanced functionalities.

 a. How to install plugins 

If you are a beginner, installing plugins is relatively easy and straightforward. 

First, log in to your WordPress dashboard and click on “Plugins” from the menu bar on the left-hand side. 

From there, click on “Add New.” 

Here you can search for plugins by keyword or browse through featured, popular, or recommended plugins.

Once you find a plugin that suits your needs, click on “Install Now,” wait a few seconds for the installation process to complete and then activate it. 

It’s essential to note that not all plugins are compatible with each other or your WordPress version. 

Therefore, before installing any plugins or updating existing ones, ensure that they are compatible with your current theme and version of WordPress.

As you can see, the installation process is simple; however, always be cautious when selecting new plugins as they could malfunction or affect how other parts of your site work if incompatible with existing ones. 

With that in mind, when selecting a plugin for your website, consider factors such as reviews from other users, compatibility with other plugins and themes you have installed on your site, regular updates from the developer or company offering the plugin as well as their support system. 

In general, choosing high-quality plugins will ensure better performance of your website and avoid any potential issues in the future.

b. How to use plugins to customize your website

As we’ve already mentioned, plugins are a great way to enhance your WordPress website’s functionality and achieve the desired look. 

There are thousands of plugins available, both free and paid, that can be used to customize your website. 

For instance, if you want to add social media sharing buttons to your posts or pages, you can install a plugin like Jetpack or Shareaholic. 

These plugins allow visitors to share content on various social media platforms with just one click.

Another example is caching plugins that improve page load speed by storing frequently accessed files in a cache. 

WP Super Cache and W3 Total Cache are two popular caching plugins that help reduce server load time while improving user experience. 

Additionally, security plugins such as Wordfence or Sucuri can help protect your site from malware attacks, hacking attempts, and other vulnerabilities.

Lastly, you can use visual design plugins like Elementor or Beaver Builder to create custom layouts for your pages without having any coding knowledge. 

These drag-and-drop page builders have pre-designed templates and elements that make it easy for beginners to build professional-looking websites.

There are numerous ways you can customize your website using different types of WordPress plugins depending on what you want to achieve. 


We touched on introducing widgets to make your WordPress website look better. 

But what are they really?

Widgets are small, pre-designed blocks of content that can be added to your WordPress website. 

They are typically located in the sidebar or footer area and provide additional functionality and information for your visitors. 

Widgets can contain text, images, videos, social media feeds, search bars, calendars, and more.

As such, widgets also allow you to enhance the user experience by providing easy access to important information without overwhelming your visitors with too much content. 

Whether it’s displaying popular posts or showcasing related products in an online store – widgets can help make navigation easier for users while keeping them engaged on your site longer. 

a. How to add widgets to your website

To add widgets to your WordPress site, start by logging in to your dashboard and navigating to the Appearance tab. 

From there, click on Widgets, and you’ll be taken to a page where you can choose from a variety of pre-installed widgets or even create your own. 

Once you’ve selected the widget you want, simply drag it over to the appropriate section of your website (such as the sidebar or footer) and drop it into place. 

You can then customize its settings and appearance using the options provided in the widget menu.

Some popular types of widgets include social media icons, newsletter sign-up forms, search bars, and image galleries. 

By adding these elements to your site, you can enhance its functionality and make it more user-friendly for visitors. 

b. How to customize widgets 

Customizing widgets can take your website to the next level, providing a more personalized user experience for your visitors. 

To customize a widget, start by selecting the “Appearance” option on the WordPress dashboard menu and click on “Widgets.” 

Once there, find the widget you want to customize and click on it.

One way to customize a widget is by changing its title. 

You can change the title of any widget simply by clicking on it in the widgets menu and typing in a new name. 

Another way is by changing its settings or options. 

For example, if your site has a search widget, you can customize it by adding specific post types or categories that users can search through.

You can also customize widgets with CSS code if you have some knowledge of web development. 

By writing CSS code, you can change how widgets look like their size, color scheme, font style among others things – this provides endless possibilities for customization. 

Customizing widgets allows your content to stand out from other pages with standard wordpress layouts while providing unique interactive experiences that match your brand identity- be creative! 


One of the primary goals of building a website is to attract visitors and generate traffic. 

That’s where SEO comes in.

SEO refers to the practice of optimizing your website’s content and structure to rank higher on search engine results pages (SERPs). 

The higher you rank, the more likely users are to find and visit your site.

By customizing your site with SEO in mind, you can improve your visibility online and attract new visitors. 

This involves researching keywords relevant to your niche or industry, creating high-quality content that incorporates those keywords naturally, and ensuring that your site’s structure is easy for search engines to crawl and index.

In addition to attracting new visitors, optimizing for SEO can also help you retain existing ones. 

By providing a better user experience and making it easier for visitors to find what they’re looking for on your site, you can encourage them to stay longer and engage more deeply with your content. 

a. How to optimize SEO on your website

The first step in optimizing your website’s SEO is to research keywords relevant to your niche or industry. 

Once you identify these keywords, incorporate them into your content naturally, including title tags, meta descriptions, headers, URLs, and images alt text.

Another essential factor in optimizing SEO on your site is improving page load speed by compressing image sizes and enabling caching.

This helps improve user experience while increasing the likelihood of organic traffic generation. 

Additionally, creating high-quality backlinks from reputable websites also increases credibility with search engines like Google algorithmically recognizing high value sites as authoritative sources leading towards higher rankings for related searches. 

b. How to use SEO plugins to improve SEO

One of the most effective ways to improve your website’s SEO is using SEO plugins. 

These plugins are designed to help you optimize your website for search engines, making it easier for them to crawl and rank your site. 

Some popular examples of SEO plugins include Yoast SEO, All in One SEO Pack, and SEOPress.

Once you have installed an SEO plugin on your WordPress site, the first step is to configure the settings according to your preferences. 

This usually involves adding keywords and meta descriptions for each page or post on your site. 

You can also use these plugins to analyze the readability of your content and provide suggestions for improvement.

In addition to optimizing individual pages, these plugins can also assist with other aspects of SEO such as creating XML sitemaps, improving page speed, and implementing schema markup. 

Resource: How to Improve Your WordPress Website’s SEO


According to HubSpot research, 82% of respondents to a consumer survey said they would leave a site that is not secure. 

This highlights the importance of ensuring your WordPress website is equipped with the necessary security features. 

One way to do this is by using SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) encryption, which encrypts data sent between your website and its visitors.

Another important aspect of website security is regularly updating plugins and themes on your WordPress site. 

These updates often include critical security patches, so failing to update them can leave your site vulnerable to potential attacks. 

Additionally, it’s essential to choose strong passwords for all accounts associated with your website and avoid using the same password for multiple accounts.

These simple steps can greatly improve the security of your WordPress website and provide peace of mind for you and your visitors. 

By prioritizing security, you’ll protect sensitive information and increase trust in your brand among potential customers. 

Resource:  Secure Website: How an SSL Certificate can Help

a. How to back up your website 

Backing up your website is essential in securing your data and ensuring that you don’t lose your hard work.

To back up a WordPress website, you can do it manually or use a plugin. 

For manual backup, go to the cPanel of your web hosting account and navigate to the “File Manager” section. 

Then select all files and folders in the public_html folder and compress them into a ZIP file.

You can then download this file to your local computer or upload it to cloud storage.

Alternatively, you can use plugins such as UpdraftPlus or VaultPress for automatic backups of your website. 

These plugins will create backups at scheduled intervals and store them either locally or on remote servers like Google Drive, Dropbox, or Amazon S3.

It’s important to note that having multiple backups stored in different locations is ideal for added security against data loss due to cyber-attacks or server crashes. 

Finally, always test your backup files regularly by restoring them on a separate testing site before actually needing them in case of emergency restoration needs. 

Final Thoughts

Customizing your WordPress website can seem like a daunting task for beginners. 

However, it can be an enjoyable and rewarding experience with the right tools and resources. 

Remember to take your time and experiment with different themes, plugins, and customization options to create a unique website that reflects your brand or personal style.

It’s also important to stay up-to-date with the latest WordPress updates and security measures to ensure your website functions properly and is protected from potential threats. 

Don’t be afraid to reach out for help or guidance if you need it – plenty of online communities and forums are dedicated to helping WordPress users of all levels.

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